Lifecycle Methods: Understanding the lifecycle methods in React

React provides a set of methods that allow us to control what happens when a component is created, updated, or destroyed. These methods are commonly known as lifecycle methods, and they allow us to interact with the component at different stages of its lifecycle.


The componentDidMount method is called immediately after the component is mounted. This is a good place to set up any subscriptions or network requests, as well as to update the component’s state. For example, if you’re building a chat application, you might use componentDidMount to connect to the chat server and fetch the initial messages.

componentDidMount() {
  // Set up subscriptions or network requests here


The componentDidUpdate method is called whenever the component’s props or state change. This is a good place to perform any side effects, such as fetching new data from an API, or updating the DOM. For example, if you’re building a weather application, you might use componentDidUpdate to fetch new weather data whenever the user changes the location.

componentDidUpdate(prevProps, prevState) {
  // Perform side effects here


The componentWillUnmount method is called just before the component is unmounted and destroyed. This is a good place to clean up any subscriptions, timers, or other resources that were set up during the component’s lifecycle. For example, if you’re building a video player, you might use componentWillUnmount to stop the video playback and release any system resources.

componentWillUnmount() {
  // Clean up subscriptions, timers, or other resources here

By using these lifecycle methods, we can control the behavior of our React components at different stages of their lifecycle, and ensure that they are properly initialized, updated, and cleaned up. This can help us to build more reliable and efficient applications, with better user experiences.

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