Classes and Objects in Ruby Programming Language


Ruby is a powerful object-oriented programming language that allows the creation of classes and objects. Understanding classes and objects is fundamental to learning Ruby programming language.

Explanation of Classes and Objects

A class is a blueprint or a template that defines the attributes and behaviors of a particular type of object. In Ruby, classes are used to model real-world objects and concepts in code. Objects, on the other hand, are instances of a class. They are created from a class definition and can have their own unique attributes and behaviors.

Creating Classes in Ruby

To create a class in Ruby, the class keyword is used followed by the name of the class. The naming convention for classes in Ruby is to start with a capital letter.

class MyClass
  # class body goes here

The class body contains the properties and methods that define the behavior of the class.

Creating Objects in Ruby

To create an object in Ruby, the new method is called on the class. This will create a new instance of the class.

my_object =

Here, my_object is an instance of the MyClass class.

Accessing Class Members in Ruby

Class members are variables and methods that belong to a class. They can be accessed using the dot notation on an object of the class.

class MyClass
  def my_method
    puts "Hello, World!"

my_object =

This will output Hello, World!. In this example, my_method is a method defined in the MyClass class, and it is accessed using the dot notation on the my_object instance of the class.

In summary, understanding classes and objects, and how to create and access them in Ruby is critical to building robust and scalable applications in Ruby.

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