In Ruby programming language, operators are symbols that represent different operations. Ruby supports a variety of operators, including arithmetic, logical, and relational operators. Understanding how to use these operators is essential for developing efficient, reliable programs.

## Arithmetic Operators

Arithmetic operators are used to perform mathematical operations on numeric values. The following are the arithmetic operators supported by Ruby:

- Addition (
`+`

): Adds two values. For example,`2 + 3`

returns`5`

. - Subtraction (“): Subtracts one value from another. For example,
`5 - 2`

returns`3`

. - Multiplication (“): Multiplies two values. For example,
`2 * 3`

returns`6`

. - Division (
`/`

): Divides one value by another. For example,`6 / 3`

returns`2`

. - Modulus (
`%`

): Returns the remainder of a division operation. For example,`5 % 2`

returns`1`

. - Exponentiation (
`*`

): Raises a value to a power. For example,`2 ** 3`

returns`8`

.

## Logical Operators

Logical operators are used to evaluate conditions and return true or false. The following are the logical operators supported by Ruby:

- AND (
`&&`

): Returns true if both conditions are true. For example,`true && false`

returns`false`

. - OR (
`||`

): Returns true if either condition is true. For example,`true || false`

returns`true`

. - NOT (
`!`

): Reverses the result of a condition. For example,`!true`

returns`false`

.

## Relational Operators

Relational operators are used to compare values and return true or false. The following are the relational operators supported by Ruby:

- Equal to (
`==`

): Returns true if two values are equal. For example,`2 == 2`

returns`true`

. - Not equal to (
`!=`

): Returns true if two values are not equal. For example,`2 != 3`

returns`true`

. - Greater than (
`>`

): Returns true if one value is greater than another. For example,`3 > 2`

returns`true`

. - Less than (
`<`

): Returns true if one value is less than another. For example,`2 < 3`

returns`true`

. - Greater than or equal to (
`>=`

): Returns true if one value is greater than or equal to another. For example,`3 >= 3`

returns`true`

. - Less than or equal to (
`<=`

): Returns true if one value is less than or equal to another. For example,`2 <= 3`

returns`true`

.

These operators are essential for performing different operations in Ruby code. With this knowledge, you can create more complex programs and manipulate data with ease!