Explanation of Modules in Python Programming Language


In Python, a module is a file containing Python definitions and statements. It is a way to organize and reuse code. You can create a module to define functions, classes and variables which can be imported into other Python scripts. The file name is the module name with the suffix .py.

Creating a Module

To create a module, you simply write the Python code for the module and save it to a file with a .py extension. One of the biggest advantages of using modules is that they can be reused in other programs. This makes it easier to write and maintain code.

For example, if you wanted to create a module named mymodule, you would create a file named mymodule.py. Here’s an example of a simple module that defines a function:

# mymodule.py

def greeting(name):
  print("Hello, " + name)

Importing a Module

To use the module you just created, you must import it into your Python script. You can do this using the import statement.

Here’s how to import the mymodule module we created in the previous section:

import mymodule


This will output Hello, John.

You can also import specific functions or variables from a module using the from keyword. This is useful when you only need to use a specific part of the module. Here’s an example:

from mymodule import greeting


This will output Hello, Jane.


Modules are an important part of Python programming. They allow you to organize your code into reusable components that can be easily imported into other programs. By following the steps outlined in this document, you can create and import your own custom modules in Python. This can help you write more efficient and maintainable code.

In addition, Python has a large number of built-in modules that can be used to perform a wide range of tasks. Some of the most common modules used in Python include math, random, datetime, os, sys, re, and json.

Overall, modules are a powerful feature of Python that can help you write better code by improving organization, reusability and maintainability.

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