Control Structures in Java


In Java programming language, control structures are used to control the flow of the program. Control structures are used to execute specific code block statements based on specific conditions. They are essential in programming as they enable the developer to control the flow of the program and execute code based on certain conditions. There are different types of control structures in Java, which include:

if-else statement

The if-else statement is a fundamental control structure in Java. It is used to execute a block of code based on a particular condition. If the condition is true, the statements inside the if block will be executed. However, if the condition is false, the statements inside the else block will be executed.

    //code to be executed if condition is true
    //code to be executed if condition is false

switch-case statement

Switch-case is another control structure used in Java. It allows a program to evaluate an expression and execute different code blocks based on the value of the expression. It is similar to if-else statement but is more concise when dealing with multiple if-else statements.

    case value1:
        //code to be executed if the value of the expression is value1
    case value2:
        //code to be executed if the value of the expression is value2
        //code to be executed if none of the cases match the expression value

for loop

A for loop is used to execute a block of code multiple times. It consists of three parts: initialization, condition, and increment/decrement. The loop will continue to run until the condition is false.

    //code to be executed

while loop

The while loop is another control structure used to execute a block of code repeatedly until a certain condition becomes false. It consists of a condition and a block of code that will be executed as long as the condition is true.

    //code to be executed while condition is true

These control structures are essential in programming and are used in almost every program created. Therefore, it is important to understand how they work and how they can be used effectively to create efficient and effective programs.

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